ο δε εχθρος ο σπειρας αυτα εστιν ο διαβολος – א Andere Übersetzungen lauten ähnlich, weil sie sich auf den Codex Alexandrinus aus dem 5. omit – א* D W d g2 r2, Matthew 5:28 παρηλθεν ηδη – א Ζ 1 If this is so, material beginning with 1 Samuel to the end of Esther is Origen’s copy of the Hexapla. omit –א, Mark 4:20 Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. εν σακκω και σποδω μετενοησαν – Β αμπελονι – א B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) is one of the oldest copies of the Bible, one of the four great uncial codices. A notable example of an agreement between the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus texts is that they both omit the word εικη (‘without cause’, ‘without reason’, ‘in vain’) from Matthew 5:22 “But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment.”, In John 1:1–8:38 Codex Sinaiticus differs from Vaticanus and all other Alexandrian manuscripts. A. According to Dean Burgon: "It is in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which … omit – א a b c h k, Matthew 7:14 ου νοειτε – Β D Ζ Θ 33 238 f13 μη αποστεπησης – א A B2 C D X Θ 565 892 1009 1071 1195 1216 1230 1241 1253 1344 1365 1646 2174 Byz THE Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus differences are insignificant in the extreme. οι μαθηται – א L Z W, Matthew 17:17 From this colophon, the correction is concluded to have been made in Caesarea Maritima in the 6th or 7th centuries. εν τη πατριδι αυτου – E G K M N S V Γ Δ Σ Φ L X W, Matthew 14:1 1209; no. omit – D syrcur, sin d k, Matthew 13:34 The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 77. αρπασαι – Β C Ν Χ W Σ 892 διατι υμεις – א Most critical editions of the Greek New Testament give precedence to these two chief uncial manuscripts, and the majority of translations are based on their text. εκραζεν – Β D Σ אc Introduction to the Study of the Gospels, p. 40. If these seem insignificant, note below those even more so. αγγαρευση – א E G K V Δ Σ Neuware - The Codex Palatino-Vaticanus - No. βαλειν ειρηνην – Β, Matthew 10:37 τα ζιζανια – א L X Σ Φ βαλλουσιν – א D Χ ηνεωχυησαν – B D N Σ ο πετρος ειπεν αυτω – Β Otherwise substitution of Ι for initial ΕΙ is unknown, and final ΕΙ is only replaced in word ΙΣΧΥΕΙ, confusing of Ε and ΑΙ is very rare. ακουσατε … βλεψετε – Β [10] Jongkind, Dirk (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 90. ενετειλατο λεγων – א*, b C K L W X Δ Π 0106 33 565 1010 1071 1230 1241 1253 1344 1365 2174 Byz, Matthew 15:5 Matthew 1:3 [19] Constantin von Tischendorf, Editio octava critica maior, ed. This article is from Wikipedia but has been updated and will be updated even more so by Edward D. Andrews for Christian Publishing House. Codex Vaticanus is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Greek Bible (Old and New Testament). The name Codex Sinaiticus is based on the location of its discovery, the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai. It was found over a thousand years later in 1481 in the Vatican library in Rome. [2] Fee, G. D. (1968-9). ωσαυτως – א [6] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 77-78. Miller’s comparison is like me saying a person who steals a radio from Walmart is the same as the man who murders 20 people and trying to say they are both criminals. εν μεσω – א D, Matthew 10:16b Nevertheless, there are many differences between these two manuscripts. Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 77. παραδειγματισαι (to make example) – א*.2 C L W Θ f13 Byz, Matthew 1:20 [24] Skeat agreed that the writing style is very similar to that of Sinaiticus, but there is not enough evidence to accept identity of scribes; “the identity of the scribal tradition stands beyond dispute”. Vaticanus omits Genesis 1.1 through Genesis 46:28; Psalms 106 through 138; Matthew … [25] H.J.M. και ιδου – Β, Matthew 9:10c [1] Dean John W. Burgon, Revision Revised (1883), p. 12. την βασιλειαν του θεου και την δικαιοσυνην αυτου – E W Σ Φ 050, Matthew 7:3 The following represent scribal corrections: For sigla of other manuscripts, see List of New Testament uncials. σου σιαγονα – E, Matthew 5:41 ου μη αφεθη – Β [] 2 Kings 2:5-7.10-13 are also lost due to a tear in one of the pages. Skeat and other paleographers contested Tischendorf’s theory of a third (C) scribe, instead asserting that two scribes worked on the Old Testament (A and B) and one of them (B) wrote the New Testament. ανθρωπον ιδειν – א εν ολη τη Γαλιλαια (in all Galilee) – B C 157 cop syr eth εν τοις ουρανοις – Β C Κ V Σ Φ Vat., Vat. λαβων – Β C2 E F G εγειρε και περιπατει – Β, Matthew 9:6a αφεθησεται υμιν τοις ανθρωποις – Β σκορπιζει με – א 33 εις την δεξιαν σιαγονα – א W Σ 157 892 This is simply exaggeration and a misrepresentation of the evidence. p. 109. ιδοντες δε αυτον – א* Θ 700 pc copsa Scribe D wrote the whole of Tobit and Judith, the first half of 4 Maccabees, the first two-thirds of the Psalms, and the first five verses of Revelation Scribe B was a poor speller, and scribe A was not very much better; the best scribe was D. … εξεβαλλον – Χ ολην την Συριαν (all Syria) – Β, Matthew 5:9 απαρνησασθω – 75 Β* C R W Ψ f1 Byz, John 1:25 ηκολουθεσεν – Β εαν αψομαι – א την χειραν – א ζιζανια – Β N W, Matthew 13:28a καρπους καλους ποιει –א, Matthew 7:21 ποιησατε – א omit – B, Matthew 9:26 [9] Scribe A’s was a “worse type of phonetic error.” Confusion of Ε and ΑΙ occurs in all contexts. gr. τα αγαθα – א C L U Δ Ν Σ Φ, Matthew 12:37 λεγουσιν – Β D εκραυγασεν – C (εκραυγασεν 4), Matthew 15:22 της ζυμης των αρτων – א2 Β L 892 1009 1241 και ειπον αυτω (and told him) – Sinaiticus [20] Kurt Aland; Barbara Aland (1995). εσπειρεν – C D W Φ, Matthew 13:27 τους μαθητας αυτου – Β Ε F Κ P X Π Σ, Matthew 14:22c ει δε μηγε –א, Matthew 9:18 Ιωαννης – א D Der Codex Sinaiticus ist ein Bibel-Manuskript aus dem 4. Neuware - The Codex Palatino-Vaticanus - No. [7] His errors are the substitution of ΕΙ for Ι, and Ι for ΕΙ in medial positions, both equally common. Who Wrote the Bible Book ________? 242–255. Jahrhundert in Unzialen (Majuskelschrift) geschrieben. Retrieved 2019-11-11. [35] Philip B. Payne, Fuldensis, Sigla for Variants in Vaticanus and 1 Cor 14.34-5, NTS 41 (1995) 251–262. Codex Vaticanus. την βασιλειαν (αυτου) και την δικαιοσυνην αυτου – א g k cop eth καταβιβασηυση – א, Matthew 11:23b οδηγοι τυφλοι – 253 αρτους ει μη πεντε – א υπο των εθνων – א παραθαλασσαν (by the sea) – א W Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comparison_of_codices_Sinaiticus_and_Vaticanus&oldid=988281380, Articles needing cleanup from August 2018, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from August 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from August 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with disputed statements from November 2020, Articles with minor POV problems from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 06:02. εις τον αφεδρωνα – א Γ 99 253 892 εκατονταρχος – Β cop, Matthew 8:10 105–112. ), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 46. ολην την γαλιλαιαν (all Galilee) – D, Matthew 4:23b κωφους ακουοντας και λαλουντας – N Σ ℓ 48, ℓ 49 omit – א D f1, Matthew 6:16 απ αρχης – syrcur, sin, Matthew 13:36a γη σοδομων και γομορρων – Β, Matthew 10:16a Iotacism or itacism is the process of vowel shift by which a number of vowels and diphthongs converged towards the pronunciation in post-classical Greek and Modern Greek. Written in Greek, this codex takes its name after the Vatican Library where it has been conserved since the 15th century. και Θαδδαιος ο επικλ. In The Vaticanus Bible, each original page has been split into three so that only one column appears per page. [17] Bruce M. Metzger, (1992). Ιωσης – K L W Δ Π Φ ειδοτες οτι απεθανεν – א 61 ελθοντες – א 243 ℓ 50 Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. gr. εις την πατριδα αυτου – rest of mss, Matthew 13:55 και – א C 892, Matthew 14:22b επεσπειρεν – Β Ν Σ και ελθοντα τα πετεινα κατεφαγεν – Β κωφους ακουοντας – B Φ 59 115 238 θεραπευσαι – א D L W 106 διηκονουν αυτω (provided for Him) – א, Luke 8:45 προσηνεγκαν αυτω δαιμονιζομενον τυφλον και κωφον – Β The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. B oder 03 nach Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) ist eine Pergamenthandschrift mit dem fast vollständigen Text des Alten und Neuen Testaments in griechischer Sprache.Sie wurde im 4. ιδου – א D 892 θλθεν προς τον ΙΝ – אc C2 D copbo, Matthew 14:35 βατος γης – א, Matthew 13:6 Μαριαν – B L f1 1241 ειδεν εκει ανθρωπον – Β, Matthew 23:3 οστις δε αρνησηται – Β L σαλπιγγος μεγαλης – א Some experts estimate the date of the Codex Vaticanus as slightly prior to the Codex Sinaiticus. ελαλη – Ε Μ Γ W, Matthew 13:35a Taschenbuch. [27] There are no enlarged initials, no divisions into chapters or sections such as are found in later manuscripts, but a different system of division peculiar to this manuscript. The alternative term itacism refers to the new pronunciation of the name of the letter eta as [ˈita] after the change. ως ο οφις – א [14] Milne and Skeat have observed that the superscription to 1 Maccabees was made by scribe D, while the text was written by scribe A. ο εκλεκτος (chosen one) – 5 Sinaiticus [30] There are 795 of these to be clearly found in the text, and perhaps another 40 that are undetermined. την χειρα αυτου – B, Matthew 13:3 According to Fenton Hort Sinaiticus and Vaticanus were derived from a common original much older source, “the date of which cannot be later than the early part of the second century, and may well be yet earlier.”[3]. Retrieved 13 November 2019. omit – Β D 32 700, Matthew 11:19 ηκολουθησαν αυτω –א, Matthew 9:27b [4] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 90. μενον της θαλασσης ην βασανιζομενον –א, Matthew 14:26 σαββατοις – Β Jahrhundert in Unzialen (Majuskelschrift) geschrieben. Post Angeli Maii Aloirumque Imperfectos Labores ex ipso Codice (Lipsiae 1867), pp. και ηρωτησαν και ειπαν αυτω (and asked him and told him) – Vaticanus, John 1:33 830 is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1892.Hans Elektronisches Buch is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. [3] Westcott, B. F. and Hort, F. J. λυπηθεις ο βασιλευς δια τους ορκους – Β D Psalm 105:27 — 137:6b (20 leaves) are lost and have been filled by a later hand in the 15th century. εν… εν… εν… – א A C2 D [13] Bruce M. Metzger (1991). [citation needed] Multiple studies have shown that when these two manuscripts disagree one with the other, which they do frequently, one or the other manuscript will almost always agree with the Traditional, Majority Byzantine text. και πολλοι ηκολουθεσαω αυτω – L Φ 13 124 The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. και λεββαιος ο επικλ. εως – Β D επαναστησονται τεκνα –א, Matthew 10:23 [34] The same distigmai were observed in Codex Fuldensis, especially in the section containing 1 Cor 14:34–35. 105–113. Nevertheless, there are many differences between these two manuscripts. δαιμονια πολλα – א ηκολουθει – א D f1 21 892 ελθιν ηλθεν ουν προς τον ΙΝ – א* ψυχην και το σωμα – א εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου πονηρος – א W 33 ωσαυτως και – Β, Matthew 27:45 “Dittographies and other corrections”. αποκριθεις δε ο Ιησους – Β ουχι – B εισερχομενον –א, Matthew 15:11b την εντολην – Ε F G N W Σ Φ, Matthew 15:11a εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου πονηρος η – B cop it πεση – א Γ 238 251 253 892 και εγενετο αυτου ανακειμενου – B, Matthew 9:10b Scribe A wrote most of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament, almost the whole of the New Testament, and the Epistle of Barnabas 2. ακουσετε … βλεψητε – א Φ They are nothing and much was corrected by the more competent scribe and the corrector. γη σοδομων και γη γομορρων – א και εκ των λογων εργων σου – Κ, Matthew 12:38 κωμας – Β, Matthew 14:16 εκατονταρχος – Β cop, Matthew 8:6 περισσευματα κλασματων δωδεκα κοφινους πληρεις – (33) 1241 1424 it κλασματων δωδεκα κοφινων πληρωματα – א W (, Comparison of Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, View ChristianPublishingHouse’s profile on Facebook, View edward-d-andrews-87250224?trk=hp-identity-name’s profile on LinkedIn, View ChristianPublish’s profile on YouTube, View christianpublishing’s profile on Vimeo, View ChristianpublishersOrg01’s profile on Google+, Recommended Reading by Christian Publishing House, The Doctrine of Inerrancy of Scripture and Biblical Infallibility, Understanding Islam and the Rise of Radical Islam, Literal Translation vs Interpretive Translation, SERIOUSLY FLAWED BIBLICAL CRITICISM ASSAULT ON THE BIBLE, NT Vol. Πετρος και οι μετ’ αυτου – K X Δ Ψ 28 565 1000 1216 1242 1344 1365 1646 2148 2174 Byz, Luke 9:23 ζητουντες αυτω λαλησαι – Sinaiticusa Β C Z ουαι τω ανθφωπω – א Skeat, “Scribes and Correctors” (British Museum: London 1938). της ζυμης του αρτου – C Κ W Χ Δ Π 28 700 1010 Byz c f q καγω (and I) – Vaticanus, John 1:34 Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. του τοπου –א, Matthew 14:36 omit – א L 10 71 copbo, Matthew 9:9b προσηνεγκαν αυτω δαιμονιζομενος τυφλος και κωφος –א, Matthew 12:22b δυο η τριων μαρτυρων – א Θ 700 απο καταβολης – B אb 1 εις Βηθφαγη και εις Βηθανιαν – א C Θ, Mark 11:3 διατι και υμεις – Β, Matthew 15:4 η πολεως η κωμης – א f13 61 892 cop τα παραπτωματα αυτων – B Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. The following represent scribal corrections: The list of textual variants that follows below is incomplete. omit – B, Matthew 8:18 την δε εν τω σω οφθαλμω δοκον – Β 050, Matthew 7:4a ερρεθη δε – B, Matthew 5:37 We will not that the oldest and Alexandrian manuscripts are named after the material that they were made from, papyrus. Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. και ηκολουθεσαω αυτω – א It is written on 759 leaves of vellum in uncial letters and has been dated palaeographically to the 4th century. συναγαγετε – א B2 ελαλησεν – Β It … εθεραπευσεν αυτον – Β, Matthew 12:29 [12], A paleographical study at the British Museum in 1938 found that the text had undergone several corrections. Der Codex enthält große Teile des Alten und ein vollständiges Neues Testament in altgriechischer Sprache.Er gehört zu den bedeutendsten bekannten Handschriften des griechischen Alten Testaments und des Neuen Testaments und ist die älteste vollständig erhaltene Abschrift des Neuen Testaments. We will use א to identify Codex Sinaiticus herein. omit – א X, Matthew 16:12 πρεπον εστιν ημας (it fitting us) – א cop it syr γη σοδομων ανεκτοτερον εσται – Β, Matthew 11:27 λεγεις – א 700 0233 κρατησας –א, Matthew 14:4a ελαλησεν – א Δ 61 βαθος της γης – Β ειρηνην βαλειν – א Example of differences between Sinaiticus and Vaticanus in Matthew 1:18–19: 19 ιωσηφ δε ο ανηρ αυτης δικαιος ων και μη θελων αυτην παραδειγματισαι εβουληθη λαθρα απολυσαι αυτην, 19 ιωσηφ δε ο ανηρ αυτης δικαιος ων και μη θελων αυτην δειγματισαι εβουληθη λαθρα απολυσαι αυτην. σαλπιγγος φωνης μεγαλης – Β, Matthew 24:48 αλλα … και ευθεως εξανετειλαν – Β εμπροσθεν του πατρος μου – B Θ f13 33 700 892 1010 1216 1230 1241 1253 Byz, Matthew 18:16 εγερθεις –א, Matthew 9:6b ανεωχθησαν –א, Matthew 9:30b εν σακκω και σποδω καθημενοι μετενοησαν – א C U, Matthew 11:23a ποιησατε και τηρειτε – Β, Matthew 23:8 και ελθον ευρισκει – Β αι εν σοι γενομεναι – B ειπον αυτω – Ε N, Matthew 13:30a το προσωπον – 244 א g1 k syrp εν ολη τη Γαλιλαια (in all the Galilee) B. Prayer of Manasseh 3. τουτο κοινοι τον ανον – א cop omit – א k syrs syrc, Matthew 8:7b του σπειρειν – Β, Matthew 13:4 πασαν την Συριαν (whole of Syria) – א 157 p. 107. αγγαρευσει – B L M S U Π ου μη αφεθησεται – א* these two manuscripts represent two different textual families of the Alexandrian text-type. ο κακος δουλος εκεινος – Β, Matthew 25:3 ο πετρος αυτω ειπεν – 33 Ιωαννει – D W Δ το πληρομα αυτου – Β One who is familiar with Codex Vaticanus will find that the present volume exhibits three primary modifications and/or differences from the original: First, the original codex contains three columns per page. Πετρος και οι συν αυτω – א A C D L P W Θ Ξ f1 f13 33 892 1009 1071 1195 1230 1241 1253 Lect εστω –א, Matthew 5:39 εισελθοντι δε αυτω – א Ν Σ παντα οσα – א παρεθηκεν א Β2, Matthew 13:25 και ανακειμενου – א τα θελεματα – א φαινεται κατ οναρ (appeared in a dream) –א, Matthew 3:6 κανανιτης – א, Matthew 10:11 A Modern analysis identifies at least three scribes: 1. The Codex is named after the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. εγω ελθων – Β, Matthew 8:8a [6] D distinguished between sacral and nonsacral using of ΚΥΡΙΟΣ. Πετρος – 75 Β Π 700 1079 1546 syrc, s, pal copsa eth geo A quick response would be that they are very much mistaken and doing exactly what Agnostic NT Textual scholar Bart D. Ehrman does, misrepresenting the information. παρεκαλουν – Β 892 εκατονταρχης – א W αμπελονι μου – Β, Matthew 21:33 [16] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 44. The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, trans. σεσαρωμενον – Β, Matthew 12:46 ηλθεν – Β, Matthew 13:36b ει τω οικοδεσποτην βεελζεβουλ … τοις οικιακους –א, Matthew 10:25b ιδου αρχων προσελθων – א 13 157 [9] Milne-Skeat. Der Codex Vaticanus befand sich zwar bereits seit 1475 im vatikanischen Archiv, wurde jedoch erst 1857 veröffentlicht. This codex omits many portions of Scripture vital to Christian doctrine. υπο του πατρος μου – Β, Matthew 11:29 υπο παντων των εθνων – Β, Matthew 24:24 ερεις – Β, Matthew 7:4b εαν μονον αψομαι – Β, Matthew 9:24 ελυπηθη ο βασιλευς δια δε τους ορκους –א, Matthew 14:15a και κλεπτουσιν – א 1 892 syrcur Now, enjoy the comparison below that will give you a deeper understanding of the simplistic response that was given. εν παραβολαις αυτοις – Β, Matthew 22:11 υπο του πατρος – א 71 Hier ein Beispiel: Gemäß der Lutherbibel sagte der Apostel Petrus voraus: „Die Erde und die Werke, die darauf sind, werden verbrennen“ (2. τι φαγητε – א f1 892 a b ff1 k l vg syrc copsa και σεσαρωμενον – א C αμην (amen) – B, Matthew 6:7 τυφλοι εισιν οδηγοι – Β D L Z και καταβαντος αυτου – Z ειρηνην ηλθον βαλειν – h k vg οτι δε – Β ηγαγον – A D 0133 Byz, Luke 2:37 και ιδων – א C D K L W X Δ Πmg f13 33 892 1009 1010 1071 1216 1230 1242 1253 1365 1646 2148 Byz Lect it vg syrs copbo ethro [] The order of the Old Testament books is as follows: Genesis to 2 Chronicles as normal, 1 Esdras, 2 Esdras (Ezra-Nehemiah), the Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Job, Wisdom, Ec… Milne & T.C. σκορπιζει – Β, Matthew 12:31 της ζυμης των Φαρισαιων – 33 This codex was also produced in the 4th century. Ζαρα (Zerah) – Sinaiticus, Matthew 1:12/13 εν τω ιορδανη υπ αυτου –, Matthew 3:11 το πλοιον –א, Matthew 14:23 The distigme of two codices indicate a variant of the Western manuscripts, which placed 1 Cor 14:34–35 after 1 Cor 14:40( manuscripts: Claronmontanus, Augiensis, Boernerianus, 88, itd, g, and some manuscripts of Vulgate). τοις ανεμοις και τη θαλασση – Β, Matthew 8:29 omit –א, Matthew 13:41 εισιν γαρ ευνοχοι – Β, Matthew 19:22 παρεθηκεν αυτοις λεγων – C 243 1241 omit – B C D S Δ, Matthew 9:35c εμπροσθεν του πατρος ημων – Dgr 1646 2148 ελαλει – Β D אc Σ Φ αλλα … και ευθεως εξανετειλεν –א, Matthew 13:5a Eth geo την δε δοκον την εν τω οφθαλμω – א N Σ 235 αποστελλει παλιν αυτον – B πρεπον εστιν ημιν (it fitting for us) – Β, Matthew 4:8 Der Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209 (Bibl. Codex Vaticanus dates to about 300 to 325 C.E. Codex Vaticanus (03, B) contains the Gospels, Acts, the General Epistles, the Pauline Epistles, the Epistle to the Hebrews (up to Hebrews 9:14, καθα[ριει); it lacks 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Revelation. οι δε δουλοι – א, Matthew 13:28b ο δε Ιησους – Β, Matthew 14:17 EDWARD D. ANDREWS (AS in Criminal Justice, BS in Religion, MA in Biblical Studies, and MDiv in Theology) is CEO and President of Christian Publishing House. τον νομον – א C f13 Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. ο πατηρ υμων (your Father) – א* D L W Z Θ 0170 f1 f13 Byz εις την χωραν αυτων (into their country) – Β αυτοις λαλεις – א It is deemed by far the best witness of the New Testament. Constantin von Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Vaticanum. εκαυματισθη –א, Matthew 13:10 πορευου – א, copsa and copbo used different terms, but every concerned to πορευου εαν αψομαι μονον – D τω ανεμω και τη θαλασση – א f1 f13 22 οχλους πολλους – 108 During 1844, Dr. Constantin von Tischendorf, a lecturer at the University of Leipzig, visited the monastery of St. Catherine at Mount Sinai, on a mission to search for old manuscripts. δικνυει (showed) – א δειγματισαι (put to shame) – א1 Β, supported by Ζ f1 omit – Sinaiticus 1 700 892, Matthew 16:9 πλοιον – Β Σ 1 33 99 124 700 892 We will just use the regular English font P75. την δικαιοσυνην και την βασιλειαν αυτου – Β κωφους λαλουντας – א, Matthew 15:31 λεββαιος – f13, Matthew 10:4a ιδου αρχων εις προσελθων – Β omit – Β, Matthew 10:14b [26] Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Palaeography, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991, p. 74. εγω μεν γαρ (I indeed) – א 892 This variant is supported by Vetus Latina and some Sahidic manuscripts. The Codex Vaticanus, Vat. εκ των ποδων υμων – א C 27 33 41 71 157 892 και οταν δε – א syrcur eth πολεις – 238 [29] C. R. Gregory, “Canon and Text of the New Testament” (1907), pp. αποστελλει παλιν – Δ ουδε κλεπτουσιν – Β syrp, Matthew 6:22a και ο φιλων υιον η θυγατερα υπερ εμε ουκ εστιν αξιος – א παραθαλασσιαν (by the sea) – B καταβαντι δε αυτω –א*, Matthew 8:3a φιλος τελωνων – א [31] He pointed on several places where these distigmai were used: at the ending of the Gospel of Mark, 1 Thess 2:14; 5:28; Heb 4:16; 8:1. A final example of insignificance, πασαν την Συριαν (whole of the Syria) א ολην την Συριαν (all the Syria) Β. The difference between Codex Vatican and Sinaiticus is so insignificant to be inconsequential unlike the Byzantine text, which had copyists adding and removing phrases, sentences, entire verses and even an entire section of verses, as well as conflating the text by combining two or more readings for harmonization purposes. σιαγονα σου – B D ζητουντες λαλησαι αυτω – D L Φ απεκαλεσαν – U gr. νηστευων τοις ανθροποις – Β It contains the whole Bible. omit – B D, Matthew 11:4 Most critical editions of the Greek New Testament give precedence to these two chief uncial manuscripts, and the majority of translations are based on their text. οι δε – Β 157 καταβηση – Β D W κραυγαζοντες – א θεραπεθειν – Β, Matthew 12:11 C. R. Gregory (Lipsiae 1884), pp. The date of these markings are disputed among scholars and are discussed in a link below. αμην γαρ – א, copbo C. R. Gregory (Lipsiae 1884), p. 360. τις εν αυτη αξιος εστι – Β [22] According to Tischendorf, one of the scribes is identical to (and may have been) one of the scribes of the Codex Sinaiticus (scribe D),[23] but there is insufficient evidence for his assertion. 23.5 Codex Sinaiticus Sinaiticus ±350 A.D. Ισραηλ – Β D συναγετε – Β Γ 1 [33] Philip B. Payne and Paul Canart, The Text-Critical Function of the Umlauts in Vaticanus, with Special Attention to 1 Corinthians 14.34–35: A Response to J. Edward Miller, JSNT 27 (2004), pp. ηδη παρηλθεν – Β D λαμπαδας αυτων – Β, Matthew 25:17 [citation needed]. Wieland Willker (2008). παντα ουν – B ουδε κλεπτουσιν – Β, Matthew 6:21 τοτε κρατησας – Β αγγαρευει – D παρ ουδενι τοσαυτην πιστιν εν τω Ισραηλ ευρον – Β 4 Erroll F. Rhodes. The distigmai mark places of codex vaticanus differences uncertainty Σ Φ και θαδδαιος ο επικλ the Byzantine Kr/family Text-Form! 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