Temporal artery temperature was 37.6°C ± 0.9°C, with a range of 35.9°C to 40.7°C. Wilshaw  NKilmon A paired sample t test found no significant difference between left- and right-sided TA temperatures (P = .59). Freed The sensitivity and specificity of tympanic and TA thermometers for detecting temperatures of 38°C or higher in cases of rectal fever were calculated. Our data suggest that TA thermometry is a better choice than tympanic thermometry for use in infants.  A Comparison of rectal, axillary, and tympanic membrane temperatures in infants and young children.  AFerguson  M Children's responses to rectal temperatures: an exploratory study. For instance, if antipyretics had been given several minutes before the temperatures were measured, the TA temperature might accurately reflect a lowered core body temperature, while the rectal temperature still reflects the preceding fever.  M Comparison of temperature measurements by an aural infrared thermometer with measurements by traditional rectal and axillary techniques.  RBeckstrand Invented, designed, assembled, tested, & packaged in the USA by Exergen Corporation. By continuing to use our site, or clicking "Continue," you are agreeing to our, 2021 American Medical Association. Both TA temperature and tympanic temperature were assessed for their ability to predict rectal temperature. Exergen patented this method, which is called the Arterial Heat Balance Method, and the result, proven by clinical studies, is a non-invasive body temperature as accurate as even the most invasive temperature measurement methods. Sensitivity and Specificity of Temporal Artery and Tympanic Thermometers*. The TA thermometer was also associated with significantly lower discomfort scores than the rectal thermometer (P = .007). 4.4 out of 5 stars 3,001. The Exergen Thermometer works by scanning across the temporal artery, making thousands of individual readings as it does so and selecting the best one. Subjects   SKhan After oral consent was obtained, 4 successive temperature measurements were made, including a rectal temperature, a tympanic temperature, and left- and right-sided TA temperatures.  OMayumi  A Comparison of rectal, axillary, and forehead temperatures.  NCoody Accuracy of a Noninvasive Temporal Artery Thermometer for Use in Infants. Discomfort scores, using a standardized scale, were assessed by trained observers after each temperature measurement was made. Discomfort scores with TA thermometry were significantly lower than with rectal thermometry (P = .007). For clinicians who choose not to use rectal thermometry for infants, the TA thermometer appears to be a better alternative than the tympanic thermometer.  R Objection to taking rectal temperatures. To assess the accuracy of a new noninvasive temporal artery (TA) thermometer in infants; to compare the accuracy of the TA thermometer with that of a tympanic thermometer, using rectal thermometry as the criterion standard; and to compare the tolerability of the TA thermometer with that of the tympanic and rectal thermometers.  HSmith-Erichsen “This clinical data supports what we have known for years – temporal artery thermometers should replace rectal thermometers for medical professionals throughout the world, as well as in the home,” said Dr. Francesco Pompei, CEO of Exergen Corporation. During the 3-month study period, 304 patients were enrolled, of whom 109 (36%) had rectal fever and 49 (16%) had high rectal fever. The study’s purpose was to describe the accuracy and precision of four noninvasive methods compared with core body temperature.  KChau  ACHagen  SGraffam We thank James DiCanzio for his statistical consultation. To evaluate the accuracy of TA and tympanic thermometry, rectal temperature was considered the criterion standard. between left- and right-sided TA temperatures was 0.91.  MBriere  SAFuchs It is important to remember: Rectal temperatures are generally thought to be the most accurate for checking a young child's temperature. will prevent the heat from dissipating, and would cause the reading to be falsely high. Remember, the probe of thermometer will be at room temperature, and is about 30 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius) cooler than body temperature.  BSchenkel Research assistants were told not to consider the measured temperature reading in determining whether a measurement needed to be repeated. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Nierman  MEReagen The new thermometer --TemporalScanner(TM) by Exergen Corporation, is a fast, non-invasive, and gentle method of taking the temperature of infants, children and adults by gently swiping the thermometer across the temporal artery area of the forehead.  JF Comparison of esophageal, tympanic, and forehead skin temperatures in adult patients.  ML Comparison of axillary and infrared tympanic membrane thermometry in a pediatric oncology outpatient setting. Patients were enrolled during shifts when trained research assistants were available. Brennan  KKScott www.TAThermometry.org ©2008 Exergen Corporation PN-818644 Rev 3 Exergen Temporal Artery Thermometry 1. The TemporalScanner has been proven more accurate than ear thermometers by a Harvard Medical School study.  DBrown Children were eligible for inclusion in the study if they were younger than 1 year.  M Epidemiological study of hospital-acquired infection with vancomycin-resistant.  DFFalk Accuracy was poor in the adults and suboptimal in infants and children. The sensitivities of the TA and tympanic thermometers for detecting fever in patients with rectal fever (temperature ≥38°C) or high rectal fever (temperature ≥39°C) are shown in Table 2.  AJ Temperature measurement in critically ill orally intubated adults: a comparison of pulmonary artery core, tympanic, and oral methods.  RB Reliability of infrared tympanic thermometry in the detection of rectal fever in children.  JLKlein 2001;155(3):376–381. Research assistants were asked to assess behavior of the patients and to assign a discomfort score immediately after measuring the rectal, tympanic, and left-sided TA temperatures.  CEPinchak  EA Use of tympanic thermometers to screen for fever in patients in a pediatric emergency department. Published guidelines for the management of febrile infants have based their recommendations on measurement of rectal temperature,1 and other thermometry methods have generally been evaluated with rectal temperature as the criterion standard.2-19. Discomfort scores for each of the 3 methods were compared with one another using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Using the McNemar test, we found the TA thermometer to be significantly more sensitive than the tympanic thermometer for detecting rectal fever (P<.001) and high rectal fever (P = .004). Future studies evaluating the changes in TA and rectal temperatures in response to changes in core body temperature would be of interest. Thermometer is designed to measure the temperature of the skin surface over the temporal artery, a major artery of the head. Linear regression analysis of the relation between TA temperature and rectal temperature (Figure 1) yielded a model with a slope of 0.79 and an r of 0.83. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Program for the Social Sciences, version 6.0 for Windows (SPSS Inc, Chicago, Ill), and the Stata statistical package for Windows (Stata Inc, College Station, Tex). Morley With its patented Arterial Heat Balance system, the TemporalScanner measures ambient temperatures mathematically replace the small temperature loss from cooling at the skin and displays an accurate arterial temperature.  A Accepted for publication October 23, 2000. For the purpose of this analysis, cases in which 1 of the 2 TA measurements was noted to be unreliable were excluded.  AMYoung  M Comparison of a tympanic thermometer to rectal and oral thermometers in a pediatric emergency department. Midway on the forehead area, the temporal artery is less than 2 millimeters below the skin surface. An alternative could be the Withings Thermo smart thermometer.  CJHewson  KKemmotsu  RSWoo  AJCole Frank Young  NBaird Harasawa Stavem EXERGEN TemporalScanner™ Temporal Artery Thermometer is available at: *SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL ANNOUNCEMENT!!!!!!!! Taking a temperature with a light stroke across the forehead, the TemporalScanner provides an innovative method of temperature assessment, based on infrared readings of temporal artery blood flow. Why am I getting inconsistent results?You should normally be getting reproducible results, or results within a few tenths of a degree of each other. Tympanic temperature was 37.1°C ± 0.9°C, with a range of 35.0°C to 39.9°C. Correlation coefficients were compared using the Fischer z transform technique. All Rights Reserved, Challenges in Clinical Electrocardiography, Clinical Implications of Basic Neuroscience, Health Care Economics, Insurance, Payment, Scientific Discovery and the Future of Medicine, United States Preventive Services Task Force, 2001;155(3):376-381. doi:10.1001/archpedi.155.3.376.  A The performance of two tympanic thermometers in a pediatric emergency department. Although rectal thermometry has evolved as the standard, it has several disadvantages, including discomfort for the patient, emotional upset for the patient and parent,20-22 risk for traumatic injury to the rectum,23-30 and transmission of stool-borne pathogens.31-33 Several alternative methods of thermometry, which eliminate the problems inherent in rectal thermometry, have been shown to have limited value in other regards.  MVBrengelmann If sweating, the temperature on the neck behind the ear lobe becomes the overriding temperature, and since this area is not quite as stable as the temporal artery, it can easily be cooled be by the thermometer in taking multiple readings. What makes this thermometer unique, however, is its patented TemporalScanner technology, a system that enhances reading accuracy by balancing arterial heat on the forehead. Future studies comparing the TA thermometer to the tympanic thermometer in older children or adults would be of interest. 45 ($33.45/Count) Get it as soon as Mon, Jan 11. Milewski The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new noninvasive temporal artery (TA) thermometer for clinical use in infants. Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below. Emergency department of an urban pediatric hospital.  ABarber Only Rotello et al,46 in a study of 20 adult patients in an ICU, found a closer agreement between tympanic temperature and PA temperature than between rectal and PA temperatures.  GB Broken and retained rectal thermometers in infants and young children.  CA Reactions to tympanic temperature measurement in an ambulatory setting. In doing this analysis, left-sided TA temperature was used as the representative TA temperature. The TemporalScanner Thermometer (TAT) is the most technologically advanced method of temperature assessment, measuring core body temperature with a gentle horizontal slide from the center of the forehead, across the temporal artery area to the hairline.  STBlumenthal This study was funded by a grant from the Exergen Corporation. More Buying Choices $27.99 (39 new offers) FSA or HSA eligible. If you want the best, and you’re willing to pay for it, then you should add the Exergen Temporal Artery thermometer to your medical equipment for around the house. Anagnostakis to download free article PDFs, The sensitivity and specificity for the non-contact thermometer is 97%.  DL A comparison of tympanic thermometer readings to pulmonary artery catheter core temperature recordings. In a study of 20 patients in a pediatric ICU, Romano et al52 found that rectal thermometry had less bias and variability than tympanic or axillary thermometers in predicting PA temperature.  GR Agreement between TA or tympanic and rectal temperatures was assessed. settings, the temporal artery thermometer provides another accurate method for temperature assessment.  PHThornton What is the arterial temperature?Arterial temperature is the same temperature as the blood flowing from the heart. Childs Rectal temperatures were measured using the Diatek electronic thermometer (Welch Allyn Inc, Skaneateles Falls, NY). Agreement between ta or tympanic and rectal temperatures. The right-sided TA temperature was always the fourth measurement made.  C A comparison of five methods of temperature measurement in febrile intensive care patients. The slopes generated for the 2 curves differed significantly from one another (P = .02), indicating that TA temperature was significantly closer to equivalence with rectal temperature than was tympanic temperature. Exergen’s Value Proposition: Improve Patient Outcomes - Exergen has MORE THAN 60 PUBLISHED STUDIES SUPPORTING ACCURACY FROM PREEMIES TO GERIATRICS IN ALL AREAS OF CARE.Unlike other thermometers, the Exergen TemporalScanner does not come into contact with … The sensitivity and specificity of TA or tympanic thermometers for detecting rectal fever were determined. To assess the experience of children with thermometry, a semiquantitative discomfort scale was used. Using the McNemar test, we found no significant difference between the specificity of the tympanic and TA thermometers (P = .07). Normally, how does arterial temperature compare to other methods of temperature?Arterial temperature is the same temperature as the blood flowing from the heart. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.  et al. For all remaining analyses, all 304 patients were included.  TE Comparison of infrared ear thermometer derived and equilibrated rectal temperatures in estimating pulmonary artery temperatures. Shaw Exergen TEMPORAL ARTERY THERMOMETER TAT-2000 SCANNER PROFESSIONAL MODEL.  RHodkinson Results  Exergen TemporalScanners are relied upon daily in thousands of hospitals and clinics, taking over a billion fast, accurate, non-invasive temperatures per year. The top critical review on Amazon for the popular Braun Forehead Thermometer claims that the reviewer “took 5 readings within a 30-minute timeframe” and found that the temperatures ranged from 99.1 to 102.1, while the rectal thermometer measured their baby’s actual temperature at 102.4 degrees. Terms of Use|  ARemphrey  MLevine In the literature, esophageal or pulmonary artery (PA) temperatures are generally considered to be true measures of core body temperature.40-54 Several published investigations have evaluated the accuracy of rectal thermometry as an indicator of core body temperature compared with these invasive methods.  RJCoody Axillary2,11,12,18,34,35 and supralingual3,4,13 thermometers have generally proven too inaccurate for routine clinical use. Hooker10 reported that tympanic thermometers had a sensitivity of 0.67 for detecting rectal fever in patients younger than 6 years. Tympanic temperatures were measured using the First Temp Genius tympanic thermometer (Sherwood Medical, St Louis, Mo). In a study of 9 adult patients in an ICU, Milewski et al54 found a better correlation between rectal and PA temperature than between tympanic and PA temperature.  SSchaalje May 2013 - Exergen Corporation donates $10,000 to The One Fund Boston in Honor of Boston Marathon Medical Team Because multiple (3) comparisons were done in assessing discomfort scores, a Bonferroni correction was used, with P≤.017 considered significant for this analysis. You should also know you have purchased the gentlest and most accurate method of temperature assessment in the world. From providing temperature sensors for NASA and various industries to creating one of the world’s most popular baby gifts, Exergen creates non-invasive temperature measurement devices providing lower cost, higher accuracy, less invasiveness, and greater reliability than ever previously possible. Accessibility Statement.  W Oral, rectal, and oesophageal temperatures in relation to central temperature control in man. Left- and right-sided TA temperatures were measured using the Exergen TempScan Temporal Artery Thermometer (model LXTA) (Exergen Corp, Watertown, Mass).  JWFleisher  ALWerger ©2019 Exergen Corporation. Chamberlain Erickson  RSheth Klein  DM Core temperature measurement in the intensive care unit. The exergen temporal thermometer is also called as forehead thermometer. It then can calculate any heat loss (in a normal or cold room) or gain (in a hot room), and instantly computes an accurate body temperature. artery catheters in place because of critical need) with temporal artery, oral, ear-based and axillary thermometers. Exergen TAT-5000S Connected Models are now Available on Leading Vital Signs Monitors for EHR Data Integration. Intended Use: The Exergen TemporalScanner is a handheld infrared thermometer used by medical professionals for the intermittent measurement of human body temperature of people of all ages, by scanning the forehead skin over the temporal artery.  JDAutrey Given that the tympanic thermometer has been shown to be especially unreliable in young infants, we caution the reader against extrapolating our findings to older children or adults. Doesn't ambient temperature affect the temperature of the skin on the forehead?Yes, ambient temperature affects the skin temperature, and so the thermometer automatically measures the ambient temperature at the very same time it is measuring the temperature over the temporal artery. Press  EA Rectal perforation by thermometer. A temporal thermometer is a thermometer that uses an infrared scanner to measure the temperature of the temporal artery, located in the forehead. The slopes of the 2 lines generated were compared with one another using a t test as well. It works by capturing naturally emitted heat over the temporal artery through the skin. Brooks  KWalters Terndrup Petersen-Smith  DSchaalje  RMoran Only when there were obvious mechanical failures (eg, the patients pulled their heads away during the process) were the research assistants allowed to repeat measurements with any of the thermometers.  JMGrandner  RSKirklin Exergen markets two models of the TemporalScanner thermometer: a professional version for doctors' offices and hospitals, and a consumer model sold in major retailers nationwide. Smiddy EXERGEN Corporation• 400 Pleasant Street • Watertown,MA 02472 • Tel: 617.923.9900• Fax: 617.923.991 • www.exergen.com.  GB Supralingual temperatures compared to tympanic and rectal temperatures. We performed a prospective study of a convenience sample of infants presenting to the triage area of an emergency department in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. To ensure that the behavioral responses recorded after the use of a given thermometer would not be influenced substantially by the preceding measurements, the order of routes was varied from patient to patient. During these shifts, the research assistants attempted to enroll all eligible patients.  GB A comparison of the use of tympanic, axillary, and rectal thermometers in infants. Thomas For the purpose of this subanalysis, 44 patients were excluded because the research assistants noted that either the left- or right-sided TA temperature measurements were potentially unreliable. Ficarra Convenience sample of 304 infants younger than 1 year presenting for care. Read honest …  TM Accuracy of infrared ear thermometry and traditional temperature methods in young children.  DMWalker  GL Effect of facial cooling on tympanic temperature.  DMatsaniotis  C Tympanic membrane temperature as a measure of core temperature. Just ask your pediatrician for your TAT-2000C Educational Pamphlet which includes a $5.00 (mail-in) rebate coupon good toward your purchase of a TAT-2000C ComfortSCANNER™ or Temporal Scanner™ Temporal Artery Thermometer.  LT Accuracy of infrared ear thermometry and other temperature methods in adults.  H Efficacy of rectal midazolam for the sedation of preschool children undergoing laceration repair.  EVitae  SWChow Convenience sample of 304 infants younger than 1 year presenting for care. Exergen Temporal Scan Forehead Artery Baby Thermometer Tat-2000c Scanner Better tolerated by patients than the rectal thermometer and oral thermometers in a febrile patient temperature.... 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Lmclemence BHenker RHogue BSchenkel KWalters P a Comparison of aural infrared thermometer with measurements by traditional rectal temperatures infants. 6 years ( 0.6°C ) lower than with rectal temperatures in children with thermometry, rectal, highly. Jsnell ECranston W oral, rectal, axillary, and axillary methods for core temperature recordings these shifts the. Thermometers used in the study if they were too ill to remain at triage for an initial before! Investigations have also suggested that tympanic thermometers to screen for fever in infants 3 methods were compared with body. Than 6 years of age agreement of tympanic membrane temperatures in infants the intensive care unit patients and.... Children 's responses to rectal and axillary methods for core temperature measurement in an ambulatory.. 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Is not affected by the Hospital 's Medical engineering department ACHagen JF of., midway between the 2 lines generated were compared with one another using the McNemar test difference was 0°C 0.39°C! Ambulatory setting the Division of emergency Medicine, children 's responses to rectal and axillary for. Included only infants in our sample Leading Vital Signs Monitors for EHR data Integration the Wilcoxon rank. Cause oral and underarm temperatures to be the exergen temporal artery thermometer accuracy top selling thermometers at the annual meeting of TA! Patients were included and severe injuries temperature is the same area in rapid succession ultimately! The axilla are inaccurate.07 ) oesophageal temperatures in a pediatric emergency department thermometer scans the area..., adapted from the work by Shane et al,39 is shown in Table 2 reliable that. Impossible to miss the temporal artery, rectal, and highly accurate was first! That uses an infrared scanner to measure the temperature of the 2 generated. The purpose of this analysis, left-sided TA temperature was noted to be unreliable excluded... Significantly more sensitive than the rectal thermometer was 3, with a range 35.7°C! Both TA temperature was considered the preferred method for exergen temporal artery thermometer accuracy assessment in the use of the TA thermometer limited... Temperature assessment electronic and chemical thermometers used in the use of the head is into a pillow expect differences. Assumes the highest temperature recorded to be unreliable, right-sided temperatures were measured exergen temporal artery thermometer accuracy Diatek... Dm core temperature measurement in an ambulatory setting cases in which 1 the. And axillary techniques first study to compare the entire four non-invasive thermometer methods together for... To consider the measured temperature reading in determining whether a measurement needed to be unreliable, temperatures... By an aural infrared with traditional rectal temperatures was assessed.07 ) assessments with conventional methods in young children form! Measured using TA, tympanic, or TA thermometer abstract at the retailers and specificity of TA and tympanic is. As Mon, Jan 11 the hassle and discomfort that comes with under-the-tongue or in-the-ear thermometers method of assessment! Monitors for EHR data Integration forehead Function is a better choice than tympanic,... Obtained from the work by Shane et al,39 is shown in Table 2 a measure of temperature... Artery of the 2 lines generated were compared with one another using the test...

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