Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. The lentil (Lens culinaris) is a bushy annual plant of the legume family, grown for its lens-shaped seeds. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. In general, pulses are characterised by long vegetative period, photo and thermo sensitivity, indeterminancy and low yield. Because of these qualities they are recommended by health organizations for the management of non-communicable diseases like diabetes and heart conditions. Therefore, pulses are grown in rotation with other crops. Class 9. Some pulses you may know and love: Lentils (a great addition to a smoothie) Beans . The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines “pulses” as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod. Why are they grown in rotation with other crops? In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’? Biology; Economic; Study Material; Ask Question . Staples dishes and cuisines from across the world feature pulses, from hummus in the Mediterranean (chick peas), to a traditional full English breakfast (baked navy beans) to Indian dal (peas or lentils). Growing pulses also promotes sustainable agriculture, as pulse crops help decrease greenhouse gases, increase soil health, and use less water than other crops. Differentiate between the kharif and rabi crops. seeds of clover and alfalfa). COMMERCIAL/CASH CROPS. Other pulses like Tur, Urad and Moong are grown as Kharif crops almost in every part of the country. Pulse flour is obtained from dried, milled pulses which are then further refined to be used in various applications. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. In these plants the seeds are found inside pods and the root nodules have the capacity of nitrogen fixation in the soil. In northern India, Khesari and Masoor are raised as Rabi crops in northern India. Q.1 (iii):- Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. However, pulses fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil naturally, and in some cases free soil-bound phosphorous, thus significantly decreasing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Pulses grow in pods and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? These crops are leguminous and they fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. Name the major pulses grown in India and the states leading in their production. which are classified as vegetable crops. PULSES are annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod. Pulses are low in fat and rich in soluble fibre, which can lower cholesterol and help in the control of blood sugar. Though pulses are grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of the total production. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. Common Pulses Pulses are the dried seeds of the legume plants. By using pulses for intercropping and cover crops, farmers can also promote farm biodiversity and soil biodiversity, while keeping harmful pests and diseases at bay. This excludes green beans and green peas, which are considered vegetable crops. The seeds are utilized in the mature, dry form as food or feed or processed into various products. Examples of leguminous Green Manures are as follows: Local name- Cowpea, Cluster bean (Guar), Green gram (Mung bean), Sesbania, Dhaincha, Sunhemp, Wild Indigo, Pillipesara, Berseem, Madras Indigo etc. Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions. Legume Seed Crops or Pulses- leguminous plants which produce edible, protein-rich seeds. Having the option to eat and sell the pulses they grow helps farmers maintain household food security and creates economic stability. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. Grain legumes, also called pulses, are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (alternatively Fabaceae) which are grown primarily for their edible seeds. As pulses are leguminous crops, and all of these except tur or arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing and using nitrogen from the air in the soil. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses have also been shown to help combat obesity. These little nutrition nuggets play a huge role in healthy diets in countries all over the world. the fix their own Nitrogen from the atmosphere (similar to clover). 5. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. It is about 40cm tall and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. An important constituent of our dietary habit, Pulses are leguminous crops and an important source of protein, fibres, vitamins, starch, and minerals. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses is a general term that covers many crops like Beans, Peas, Lupins, Vetches and Soybean. Popular pulses include all varieties of dried beans, such as kidney beans, lima beans, butter beans and broad beans. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Pulses account for around 20 per cent of the area under foodgrains and contribute around 7-10 per cent of the total foodgrains production in the country. 3 ) Bean =Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for human food or animal feed. Furthermore, the nitrogen-fixing properties of pulses improve soil fertility, which increases and extends the productivity of the farmland. Greenhouse gases are released during the manufacturing and application of these fertilizers, and their overuse can be detrimental to the environment. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? The main pulses grown in India include chickpea or Bengal gram, pigeon pea or red gram or arhar, lentil (masur in Hindi), urdbean or black gram, mungbean or green gram, moth bean, horse gram, pea, grass … Pulses are leguminous crops that are high in protein content. The low yields of legume crops and the shortage of pulses as indicated by increasing prices have emphasized a greater need for research and as a result the "All-India Coordinated Projects" for the improvement of grain legumes and oilseeds (including groundnut) were established in the late 1960s. Pulses are leguminous crops. They are packed with nutrients and have a high protein content, making them an ideal source of protein particularly in regions where meat and dairy are not physically or economically accessible. Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Pulses can contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing dependence on the synthetic fertilizers used to introduce nitrogen artificially into the soil. These seeds are harvested mature and marketed dry to be used as food or feed or processed into various products. Thus, they are usually rotated with other crops to maintain fertility of the soil. (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops? Chick peas, cowpeas, black-eyed peas and pigeon peas are also pulses, as are all varieties of lentils. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. ; Hindi ; Class 10 pulses, as are all varieties of dried beans, chickpeas, and! Economic stability, fiber, and their families the productivity of the soil is harvested the... 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